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The Patrick Kaiku ‘thesis’ on decolonization vs alienation: Doors open for West Papua

Patrick Kaiku teaches in the political science strand at the University of Papua New Guinea

The Patrick Kaiku ‘thesis’ on decolonization vs alienation

Patrick Kaiku teaches in the political science strand at the University of Papua New Guinea, and put the role of cultural emancipation into perspective as West Papua fathoms the weight of international opinion to ascertain the way forward or conversely hustle the obliteration of a people, and the decimation of a Melanesian stock although to Papuans fighting for freedom in the 21st Century their culture is the strongest evidence available to define what they are for 60,000 years now. It is the same story in PNG, the other Papuan nation. According to Patrick Kaiku(2013), West Papua suffers today from the guilt to be Melanesian, with all flags of the sub – regional nations of Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Fiji, Vanuatu, and Kanaky, fluttering in the sky as the four strong winds blow over Melanesia. Only West Papua is missing.

The MSG has so far taken measured steps to handle the West Papua issue but when it comes to culture, Indonesia would be a big time loser, and its claim to the former Dutch colony cannot stand the test of time and scrutiny. All its arguments for 60 years was about economic development but as long as West Papua was Indonesia’s kitchen department, on the receiving end of geopolitics of the world’s powers that fished in inviting waters of Melanesia and the Pacific, the fight will go on. Melanesians are now able to learn from each other about their diverse societies and the challenges they collectively face as a people. The West Papua Cultural Day celebrated at the Independence Park this weekend says it best, to say nothing at all, but doors opened.

No more excuses on West Papua this time with all countries in Melanesia and the Pacific telling Indonesia it is time to go home. This writer is informed by the work of Pacific and Melanesian scholars and the ever increasing numbers of non – state actors throughout the world who seek the truth on West Papua. It may be argued that weaknesses of the MSG so far, and the task for Melanesian states is to come to terms with the ‘New Guinea Settlement’ issue, a nightmare left behind by the colonial masters. Any velocity to come good on West Papua would be about not repeating the mistakes of the ambitious Pacific Plan – a blue-print for regional integration in the Pacific Island countries.

On Monday, 28 October 2013, founding members of The Decolonization Alliance were present at the United Nations in New York to support a recommendation being made by the UN Independent Expert on the Promotion of a Democratic and Equitable International Order to the Third Committee of the General Assembly. The recommendation (GA document A/68/237, 69 (n)) calls on the General Assembly to direct the Decolonization Committee to receive communications from indigenous and non-represented peoples. This small but crucial change would allow more peoples and nations direct access to the decolonization process.

The Decolonization Alliance commended the independent expert, Prof. Alfred M. deZayas, and extended its endorsement of his recommendation and encouraged member states to adopt a resolution to implement the recommendation.

Renewed Interest in Decolonisation

Indonesia wants to talk down the right to sovereignty and royalty for West Papua after getting it all wrong on every count under international scrutiny since the 1969 Act of Free Choice or Act of No Choice. The issue of decolonization is beginning to reach critical mass at the UN, with the understanding that substantive changes are needed to reform the process. The United Nations resolution in May 2013 to reinscribe French Polynesia to the UN list of Non-Self-Governing Territories (NSGT) touched off calls to reactivate the UN’s decolonization process, which had been stagnating for nearly thirty years. The reinscription renewed the hopes of those peoples and nations seeking decolonization; and triggered calls from Pacific Island states and others for the UN to step up the decolonization process.

The new advocacy is the fuel that MSG needs to make a difference when the western powers failed comprehensively to liberate West Papua, and the ball is in the courts of the regional, South Pacific, and Melanesian politics to lift up a badly wounded ‘head hunter’, and ‘New Guinea Savage’, who was to be the object and target of the ‘white man’s burden’. Yet, white civilization flopped while ‘yellow civilisation’, after the Dutch left, was responsible for acts of genocide and ‘slow – motion genocide’ and 1 million deaths and continuing atrocities much like the Islamic State or ISIS, and its claim to caliphate states in Syria and Iraq.West Papua for 60 years would be a caliphate state of an Islamic State, an ‘unfinished nation’, that has yet to clear itself of allegations documented by the international community and the US Congress in which it continues to kill and commit crimes against humanity. Keying off this renewed interest in decolonization, leaders of peoples and nations pursuing independence, such as Hawaii, West Papua, Rapa Nui, Alaska, and those from North America, Australia and so forth (the list is growing), have initiated an advocacy/mutual support group called The Decolonization Alliance to actively pursue reform of the UN decolonization process. The Alliance would much welcome the MSG’s willingness and support to put an end to the suffering of the indigenous people in Melanesian West Papua. A lot has happened.

The Melanesian Festival of Arts held in Port Moresby this year was about consolidating the case for West Papua to be free. In 2013, Vanuatu hosted the 25th Anniversary of the Melanesian Spearhead Group (MSG). The formal establishment of the MSG made in 1988 through the signing of the Agreed Principles of Co-operation among Independent States of Melanesia in Port Vila, Vanuatu. The founding members of the MSG included Vanuatu, PNG, Solomon Islands and Kanaky. Fiji joined the MSG in the mid-1990s. As MSG increases its influence in the region, its relevance to the lives of the people who inhabit countries in the Melanesian sub-region of the Pacific cannot leave out West Papua, but do something that white colonial masters failed.

Peter Forau, the Director General of the Melanesian Spearhead Group Secretariat at the Vanuatu Silver Jubilee celebrations posed such a question on West Papua. But it was Patrick Kaiku(2013) who studied the weaknesses of the MSG so far and said the MSG should not repeat the mistakes of the ambitious Pacific Plan – a blue-print for regional integration in the Pacific Island countries. He identified two factors. Firstly, the Pacific Plan was a failure from the beginning because of the rhetoric paid to strengthening Pacific cultures and languages and the out-of-touch orientations of the visions of the leaders. In the Pacific Plan, ordinary Pacific Islanders were excluded and continue to be excluded in giving meaning to the Plan. Presently citizens of member states of the MSG have very limited appreciation of the significance of the MSG – its functions, the idea behind its creation, the values that it promotes, the benefits of its existence, and so forth. Melanesians live in the enclosed confines of their national boundaries with limited interactions amongst each other. There is less in-depth educational and experiential exchanges at the level of the citizenry.

Secondly, the Pacific Plan was a failure because of its elitist structure. The MSG also suffers from this in that the bureaucratic and political structure of the MSG is very much elitist. There is negligible connections and involvement of the ordinary citizens in the decisions of the MSG. As long as decision making, and Melanesian initiatives remain detached from the vast majority of citizens of the MSG member states, the MSG will continue to remain irrelevant to citizens in these Melanesian countries.

Fostering people-to-people contact in the MSG

In recent decades, the Melanesian sub-region of the Pacific Islands has come to represent all that is problematic in the Pacific Islands. From the Fijian military/civilian-led coups (1987, 1999 and 2006), the decade-long civil war in Bougainville (1989-1997), the ethnic tensions in the Solomon Islands (1998-2003), the stand-off between the police and political leaders in Vanuatu during the mid-2000s and on-going law and order issues in Papua New Guinea, the problems are endless. Australian commentators have readily labeled the Melanesian sub-region as constituting the “arc of instability” comprising potential (or already) failed states. There is a level of stigma that characterizes the Melanesian sub-region of the Pacific Islands, especially when it comes to labels that continue to misrepresent the complexities of Melanesian social and cultural societies. This is what Melanesians have to promote through greater people-to-people interaction. Exclusively relying on “military-style solutions” to address conflict or crisis situations is unsustainable and will only play into the interest of external powers. Long-term stability can be nurtured through facilitating cross-cutting relationships across Melanesian communities – where Melanesians learn from each other about their diverse societies and the challenges they collectively face as a people.

The most sustainable approach to addressing long-term issue of security in the Melanesian sub-region should be undertaken at the level of the grassroots and communities. Non-political activities that evade the sticky issues of “sovereignty” are more productive for Melanesia. Functionalism, a school of thought in international relations argues that when nations pursue non-political functional activities such as economic cooperation and development, technological advancement, the fight against illiteracy, cultural exchanges and so forth, in the long-term this lessens the potential for conflict, antagonism and instability amongst member-states.

In Melanesia, Melanesian intellectuals such as the late Bernard Narokobi, Jean Marie Tjibaou and Walter Lini have advocated the common values and layers of identity that make Melanesians a distinctive people in the world. The Melanesian identity espoused by these great thinkers has a place in creating an awareness of the various challenges we confront in our part of the Pacific Islands. Encouraging non-political, cross-cultural exchanges programs between peoples and communities in Melanesian countries should form the objective of MSG governments. Sharing experience, expertise and learning about the diversity of our sub-region can only be afforded through increased contact and interaction by Melanesians. Our scholars in the Pacific Island region and Melanesia, like Patrick Kaiku, argue correctly that for regional and sub-regional organizations to succeed, “identity factors” play an integral part. Identity factors are taken to mean the “feelings of common origins and historical experiences, common elements in value systems, cultural patterns and symbolic representation”. The ultimate aim is towards building cultural identity as the foundation of the MSG member countries. West Papua waited for so long.

PNG is in the best position to continue to escalate solutions for West Papua and its long struggle for freedom can be exploited whether Indonesia likes it or not. And, cultural emancipation leaves no other option for Indonesia to exploit as it sees fit and continue to alienate Papuans and their inalienable right to self – determination with an incorrect mix of culture or formula, and try to ‘Indonesianise’ Papuans, whose Melanesian culture lasted 60,000 years and is still alive today. The processes of community healing and rehabilitation of tribal Melanesians in West Papua are a response to an issue that reached a critical mass at the UN. It is also to enable Papuans to overcome the experience of acts of genocide and ‘slow – motion’ genocide over 60 years. The divisive conflict that threatens the obliteration of our people, must end. The West Papua Cultural Festival Celebrations Day at the Independence Park this weekend tells the story about an arrow that flies into the next 60,000 years beyond borders. West Papua will be free

 

Bob Marley : Nabi Para Rasta di Dunia

GambarReggae jadi mendunia karena satu orang yang bernama Bob Marley. Para duta besar regage berebut memberi label atau penghargaan kepada Bob Marley. Dari tangan cowok blasteran ini lahirlah hits klasik seperti No Woman No Cry, I Shot the Sheriff, dan Waiting in Vain.

Bob Marley memiliki nama lengkap Robert Nesta Marley Bob Marley seorang penyanyi, penulis lagu, gitaris dan aktivis Jamaica. Terlahir dengan nama Robert Nesta Marley pada tanggal 6 Februari 1945 di Nine Miles, Saint Ann Parish dan besar di lingkungan miskin di Trenchtown, Jamaika. (more…)

NKRI Hanyalah Simbolisme Di Papua

Oleh : KNPB Pusat

67 tahun kemerdekaan Indonesia dirayakan. Di Papua, daerah yang masih dijajah Indonesia sejak 1962, orang Papua tidak antusias, apalagi ikut merayakannya. Selama 50 tahun Indonesia di Papua Barat, selama itu pula paham NKRI dipaksakan. Karena tidak berhasil mengindonesiakan orang Papua, kini Indonesia memaksakan nasionalisme NKRI melalui simbol-simbol NKRI. Bendera merah putih, umbul-umbul dan semua simbol negara dipasang dimana-mana. Indonesia mengira bahwa dengan begitu mereka akan mampu membangun rasa kesadaran berbangsa Indonesia di Papua.

Orang Papua tidak merasakan nasionalisme NKRI. Dan karenanya, orang Papua merasa aneh memandang tingkah laku NKRI yang memajang merah putih dimana-dimana dan memaksakan orang Papua ikut merasakan proklamasih NKRI. Orang Papua tidak merasa memiliki NKRI karena orang Papua tidak terlibat dalam sejarah perjuangan kemerdekaan Indonesia.

Tidak pernah ada sejarah orang Papua menggunakan anak panah, tombak, parang dan alat tradisional lainnya berjuang mengusir penjajah untuk mendirikan negara yang bernama NKRI. Tidak pernah ada seorang Papua berkulit hitam, rambut keriting ikut memproklamirkan negara Indonesia pada tanggal 17 Agustus 1945. Tetapi sejarah mencatat orang Papua berniat mendirikan negara sendiri dengan deklarasi bangsa 1 Desember 1961, namun upaya itu dipatahkan oleh nafsu ekspansionis Indonesia.
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Benny Wenda: Telah Bebas Dari Jeratan Interpol Internasional

BENNY WENDA HAS ABUSIVE RED NOTICE REMOVED

Benny Wenda has abusive red notice removed

August 06 2012Benny Wenda, a refugee from Indonesia now living in Oxford with his family, has been subject to an Interpol ‘red notice’ placing him at risk of extradition back to Indonesia. Responding to a challenge by Fair Trials International, Interpol admitted that the case against Benny was ‘predominantly political in nature’ and an abuse of the red notice system. The red notice against Benny has finally been deleted. (more…)

Sentralisme Demokrasi

Apakah organisasi itu ?

Organisasi adalah sistem menghimpun orang bersama-sama untuk berpihak dan bergerak sebagai satu kebulatan. Dengan kata lain, organisasi merupakan sistem yang mengikat setiap anggota dan bagian organisasi untuk bergerak sebagai satu kesatuan untuk mencapai satu tujuan bersama. Kelompok yang kita pimpin adalah organisasi dan ada berbagai organisasi lain di lingkungan kita. (more…)

Born to Fight “Macho Tabuni”

Macho Tabuni, Ketua I Komite Nasional Papua Barat

Little is known of the rebellious.

The death of the West Papua National Committee activists or KNPB, Mako Tabuni on June 14 and then jerking Jakarta. Because the shooting incident Tabuni to death by police officers sparked riots in Abepura, Papua.

Disappointment of the people of Papua to the central government increasingly widespread with Mako Tabuni incident. It made President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono sent his Minister Djoko Suyanto, National Police Chief Pol Gen Pradopo East and other levels of government to quell the situation and find solutions to the issue of Papua.

Actually what triggered a barrage of violence in Papua and who exactly who the Mako Tabuni? What kind of Papuan resistance movement that swept over social inequality Papuans. (more…)

Menentukan Sosok Pemimpin Nasional Papua Barat.

Kita berbicara tentang “menentukan sosok pimpinan nasional bangsa West Papua” berarti kita berbicra tentang sosk pimpinan yang mencerminkan kepribadian Bangsa West Papua.Kita berbicara tentang kepribadian bangsa West Papua berarti kita berbicara tentang rakyat pribumi West Papua. Kita berbicara tentang rakyat pribumi West Papua berarti kita berbicara tentang nilai kebudayaan nasional Bangsa West Papua. Maka muncul pertanyaan-pertanyaan terkait Kepemimpinan Nasional Bangsa West Papua antara lain : 

  1. Apakah yang dimaksud dengan kepemimpinan Nasional ?
  2. Apa tugas tanggung jawab, wewenang dan kewajiban pimpinan nasional ?
  3. Bagaimana menentukan sosok pimpinan nasional ? dan masih banyak pertanyaan yang dapat timbul dalam pikiran kita terkait kepemimpinan nasional bangsa west Papua. (more…)

KNPB Invite SBY Discuss Content Papua Referendum

KNPBnews – People of Papua with great earnestness and with dignity intend to self-determination was repeated in a peaceful, democratic, and final, because it’s President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono to discuss the material must be open to the referendum in Papua.

It was raised by the International Spokesperson of West Papua National Committee [KNPB], Victor Yeimo in Jayapura on Thursday (5/7) in response to the increasingly heated turmoil and conflict have not been able to find the point of final settlement. According to him, KNPB national media as the people of West Papua has been designing stage to the referendum.

“I think Jakarta is too wasteful to spend money on a lot for the cost of military operations, intelligence operations, as well as government operations in Papua, all would not be meaningful because basically the people of Papua to determine their own fate because of the 1969 Act of Free Choice is not final, so phases of design and materials KNPB referendum and we would discuss the matter Sby open referendum to seek the final solution “he said on the sidelines of a press conference with reporters. (more…)

Menjadi Diri Sendiri & Berontak Terhadap Musuh!

Untuk ko yang merasa terjajah, tra bebas dan terpenjarah. “Bangun dan berontaklah! Ko pu hak dan tanggung jawab besar buat mengikuti kehendak sendiri. Kenapa mo hidup kalo selalu mo terjajah?” [Sa tulis ini sebagai sebuah renungan, ajaran dan teguran setelah teropsesi baca buku karangan Malka, The Road To Freedom.

Camp Senegal 1  January2011 Oleh: Romario E. Yatipai                        

 Mengapa tidak mau sadar bahwa manusia hidup dalam kenyataan, bukan di alam mimpi, bukan di dunia angan-angan, bukan juga di dunia biting (bicara tinggi). Kalo selalu hidup dalam dunia angan dan mimpi, ko sama saja dengan budak. Dan seorang budak selalu hidup di dunia maya, di dunia angan-angan, di dunia mimpi, di dalam sangkar, di dunia seandainya, tra bisa nikmati indahnya menjadi diri sendiri. Menjadi budak itu sama saja menjadi manusia semu, tra nyata. (more…)

How the Papuan people Continue to Unite in Resistance: Victor Yeimo Interview

[This Interview with Papuan activist Victor Yeimo was published on the Kontinum website, because of a feeling that little information and perspectives from the Papuan struggle is available in Indonesia, and so people outside Papua are not aware of the what is actually going on there. The original, in Indonesian, can be found at http://kontinum.org/2011/08/wawancara_victor_papua/]

We see Papua’s problems as coming from a combination of problems with the state and corporations, military violence, ecological damage, genocide and extinction of indigenous cultures. The Papuan issue is also a national issue for Indonesia, and one which is not yet resolved. Many indigenous people are killed and tortured in order to legitimise the destruction of Papua’s natural riches by the world’s giant companies together with their closest partners: government.

Constitutional reasons, together with the logic of national unity and a narrow nationalist view of ‘Indonesianness’ are used to legitimise repression and oppression of the Papuan people and their land.

But amidst a climate of repression that doesn’t seem to subside, the Papuan people struggle on, ever-bravely. To get to know the situation and viewpoint of the resistance movement in Papua, Kontinum interviewed Victor Yeimo, spokesperson of the West Papua National Committee (KNPB), one of the people’s organisations that continues the active struggle in the land of Papua:
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Yesus Adalah Kebenaran

“Nenek moyang kami menyembah di atas gunung ini, tetapi kamu katakan bahwa Yerusalemlah tempat orang menyembah. Kata Yesus kepadanya: “Percayalah kepadaku, hai perempuan, saatnya akan tiba, bahwa kamu akan menyembah Bapa bukan di gunung ini dan bukan juga di Yerusalem. Kamu menyembah apa yang tidak kamu kenal, kami menyembah apa yang kami kenal, sebab keselamatan datang dari bangsa Yahudi. Tetapi saatnya akan datang dan sudah tiba sekarang, bahwa penyembah-penyembah benar akan menyembah Bapa dalam roh dan kebenaran; sebab Bapa menghendaki penyembah-penyembah yang demikian. Allah itu Roh dan barang siapa menyembah Dia, harus menyembah-Nya dalam roh dan kebenaran.” (Yohanes: 4- 20 – 24) Salah satu definisi “kebenaran” adalah, sesuatu hal yang sungguh-sungguh atau benar-benar ada.
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Indonesia shoots three community security guards in Wamena

West Papua, Wamena Press Release Report

October 4 1800 AEST: Information has just been received from sources in Wamena that Indonesian security forces have shot dead three West Papuan men who were part of the newly formed civil people’s guard. Members of Petapa, the indigenous non-violent security force formed by the Papuan Customary Council to protect West Papuan people engaging in peaceful free expression, were attempting to defuse a tense situation caused by an Indonesian police raid at 0800 local time this morning.
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